B.9 Ecologically Sustainable Development

Commissioner for Sustainability and the Environment

Although CMTEDD has no direct policy responsibilities for areas such as climate change, biodiversity and carbon neutrality in the ACT, the directorate is involved in the ongoing implementation of the Carbon Neutral Government Framework, and the directorate’s Intergovernmental Relations and Regional Unit facilitates engagement between relevant NSW and ACT Government Directorates on environmental issues. The directorate provided information to the Commissioner for Sustainability and the Environment on actions against the relevant recommendations of the 2011 State of the Environment Report.

Contribution to Ecologically Sustainable Development

During the reporting year CMTEDD updated its Resource Management Plan to incorporate Administrative Arrangements changes and updated its Action Plan. As the ACT Government moves towards carbon neutrality in 2020, CMTEDD identified resource reduction targets in the Resource Management Plan, and actively monitored progress against set targets.


The directorate has reduced its total energy use (electricity and gas) by 3 per cent in 2015-16 (not including the new entities of the National Arboretum Canberra and Skills Canberra). Excluding the new entities, total electricity use has reduced by 3.3 per cent, from 12,843,106 kWh to 12,432,206 kWh, and main gas use has reduced by 1.9 per cent, from 8,613,002 MJ to 8,449,489 MJ.

During 2015-16 CMTEDD, reduced its total electricity use by 18 per cent for the top ten emitters, from 9,411,792 kWh to 7,741,840 kWh. The largest reductions were from Callam Offices (ā€‘50 per cent) due to the relocation of the Shared Services ICT data centre and staff, the Canberra Stadium (- 8 per cent) due to reduced events and improved energy efficiency measures, and the Canberra Nara Centre (ā€‘19 per cent) due to the LED lighting upgrades. However, the reduction by the top ten emitters was offset by the energy used in new locations such as Hume Data Centre and Winyu House.

Actions to improve ecologically sustainable development performance

Individual business units within the directorate have undertaken a range of activities to support ecological sustainable development. These activities are detailed below.


Actions taken for electricity efficiency during the reporting period included:

Building upgrades within the CMTEDD portfolio

  • the public housing renewal program (by the Public Housing Renewal Taskforce) will improve the overall quality and energy efficiency of the public housing portfolio;
  • National Arboretum Canberra secured a loan from the Carbon Neutral Government Fund to enable the works depot to be powered off-grid by a solar-battery system;
  • LED lighting roll out and new smart metering at GIO Stadium continued;
  • Actsmart Energy and Water Assessment for GIO Stadium was completed;
  • 69 street lights were replaced with LEDs, along with six flood lights and numerous entry lights to buildings at Exhibition Park in Canberra;
  • sensor lights in public toilets and showers were installed at Stromlo Forest Park;
  • installation of a timing unit for controlled switching of heating units at Manuka Oval;
  • a Building Management Committee (Green Lease Meeting) at the Canberra Nara Centre was established to monitor energy use and improve ongoing sustainability performance; other achievements for Nara included:
    • following the installation of LED lights in March/April 2015, a 19 per cent reduction in electricity use was realised from the previous year;
    • the reduction in the standard operating hours of the lighting controls from 12 hours (7am to 7pm) to 10 hours (8am to 6pm) in the majority of office areas commenced from June 2016, with the results to be reviewed with potential implementation to other areas;
    • base Building National Australian Built Environment Rating System (NABERS) Rating reassessment in April 2016 achieving an energy rating of 4.5 star;
    • hand basin maximum water temperatures reduced to 50oC; and
    • investigations into installation of sensor lighting controls in common areas commenced;
  • lighting upgrade at 255 Canberra Avenue, replacing of current lamps with LEDs in the workshop area;
  • the installation of LED lighting in the Revenue Management Division tenancies of 220 Northbourne Avenue was investigated, with an expected 30 per cent reduction in electricity usage (installation occurred in July 2016); and
  • lighting upgrades are undertaking during office fit-out where feasible.

ACT Government’s purchase of Renewable Energy

ACT Property Group, on behalf of the ACT Government purchased Renewable Energy (GreenPower) Certificates equivalent to the estimated ACT Government’s 2015-16 electricity consumption. This is in line with the ACT Government’s commitments in Weathering the Change and the Carbon Neutral ACT Government Framework. In 2015-16 7,700 Renewable Energy Certificates (GreenPower) were purchased representing 7,700 MWH of electricity, as 5 per cent of the ACT Government’s electricity consumption.

Community Energy Efficiency Program Upgrades

ACT Property Group has completed an energy efficiency upgrade program at 12 community facilities under the Australian Government’s Community Energy Efficiency Program. The upgrades included improvements in energy efficient lighting, lighting control systems, mechanical upgrades and smart energy management systems across the identified community facility sites. As part of the implementation, tenants and other stakeholders were engaged to ensure energy savings were maximised and that continuous improvement is achieved over the longer term.

Under this program the ACT Government contributed $3.274 million and the Australian Government contributed $3.145 million. Overall, the works resulted in a 29 per cent reduction in energy consumption, having an estimated annual financial saving of $129,863 and a total decrease of 522 tonnes of CO2 equivalent emissions. Additional information about the individual sites and outcomes can be found at www.economicdevelopment.act.gov.au/act_property_group/ceep.

Energy Efficiency Projects

ACT Property Group hosted two Senior Energy Project Officers who, as part of a broader cross-directorate team, are responsible for implementing energy efficiency works with a whole of government perspective. The project officers work with directorates on projects that advance the ACT Government’s commitments in the Carbon Neutral Government Framework. This has resulted in numerous works and advisory services provided across government agencies:

Energy efficiency services

  • identified, secured funding and implemented boiler burner upgrades at a variety of Territory facilities;
  • identified and rectified abnormally high gas usage at Tuggeranong Bus Depot which had doubled gas consumption at the site;
  • an ongoing building tuning program to test building analytics services and improve relations with maintenance subcontractors, enabling continual improvement of the performance of:
    • The Canberra Hospital;
    • Macarthur House; and
    • Dame Pattie Menzies House;
  • advanced the implementation of energy efficient LED lighting at ACT Government owned properties:
    • completion of phase 1 and 2 Education Directorate LED lighting upgrade programs;
    • installation in more than 20 facilities which Property Group is custodian of, or provides property management and maintenance to the custodian agency; and
    • Health Directorate for the initial phase of The Canberra Hospital LED lighting upgrade.

Advisory Services

  • performance improvement to aid energy efficiency performance or reporting including:
    • integrating energy efficiency in core business through inclusion of energy efficiency clauses and KPIs in the following contracts:
      • Education Directorate HVAC maintenance contract; and
      • Total Facilities Management HVAC contract;
    • assisting directorates and Procurement and Capital Works to use the Enterprise Sustainability Platform (ESP) to track utility cost savings achieved via whole of government contracting and energy efficiency initiatives;
    • continued integration of energy performance and monitoring into chiller and boiler service contracts.
  • providing technical advice and input into tender processes to ensure greatest energy efficiency outcomes are achieved, including:
    • participation in University of Canberra Public Hospital tender process to maximise energy efficiency opportunities;
    • Tender Evaluation Panel and Project Consultative Group participation for an 500kW PV array at The Canberra Hospital;
    • evaluation panel for the Streetlight Request for expression of interest;
  • providing analysis, technical advice and guidance to directorates developing energy efficiency projects where funding is to be sought from the Carbon Neutral Government Fund or other funding sources;
  • review of directorates’ carbon budgets, assisting relevant officers in directorates to prepare budgets, estimate potential reductions and develop KPIs to relate service delivery to energy consumption; and
  • establishment of Building Management Committees in major leased office tenancies to ensure building owners and Territory tenants work collaboratively to achieve efficient building operation.

ICT Power Management

All computers on the ACTGOV network (unless intentionally excluded) were migrated to a centrally managed power management platform. This enables the improved management, reporting and monitoring of computer energy use.

Computer Energy Consumption – Reporting and Analysis

The ICT Sustainability project implemented reports that captured device usage and power consumption data from ACT Government Computer assets. The power management tools track the usage of computers on the network and calculate the overall consumption figures based on computer activity. This data enables various opportunities for ACT Government including:

  • tracking the consumption of computers individually and by directorate grouping;
  • identifying underutilisation and inactivity of computers;
  • identifying trends in power consumption and user behaviour; and
  • identifying computer power/sleep issues or technical anomalies;

This analysis material and baseline framework enables new data to be available for other initiatives that target computer efficiency savings. Key efficiency areas that can now be supported include:

  • computer and monitor asset lifecycle management;
  • energy consumption/wastage;
  • facility and resource management; and
  • take-up and success of activity-based work initiatives.

Printer Consumable and Energy Reporting

Project work was completed to install and configure an improved printer maintenance and reporting tool. Ricoh Device ManagerNX expands on the default printer reporting features and ensures that accurate printer billing information is available from compatible printers and is therefore reflective of real printer consumable use (eg paper, prints and ink).

In addition to the improved billing and maintenance features, this installation allowed an energy reporting process to be established. Printer energy and consumable reports can be extracted to enable ACT Government to:

  • track the consumption of printers individually and by building/subnet group;
  • identify underutilisation and inactivity of printers;
  • identify trends in power consumption and user behaviour; and
  • identify printer power issues or technical anomalies.

This reporting framework enables new data to be available for other initiatives that target printer efficiency savings. Key efficiency areas that can now be supported include:

  • printer asset lifecycle management;
  • energy consumption/wastage; and
  • facility and resource management (i.e. allocation of printers per building).

Water efficiency

Actions taken for water efficiency during the reporting period included:

  • new irrigation controllers were installed by Venues Canberra at GIO Stadium and at Stromlo Forest Park;
  • Active Canberra continues to employ water minimisation strategies as part of a sustainable approach to effectively managing the ACT Government’s sportsground assets, including the use of a computerised irrigation management system to better regulate watering across the asset base, the use of non-potable water sources where possible, application of synthetic turf surfaces, use of drought tolerant couch grasses and soil carbon enhancement practices;
  • National Arboretum Canberra uses non-potable water to irrigate the collection at the Arboretum; continues to follow mowing regimes that maintain adequate ground cover to reduce erosion and improve the quality of water captured in dams; and maintains the Discovery Garden at the Arboretum to educate and inform the community about managing water use in the home garden; and
  • flow restrictors were installed in all showers, basins and kitchen sinks in the Canberra Nara Centre, with an estimated minimum saving of 25 per cent in domestic water use; and a reassessment of base building NABERS Water Rating in the Canberra Nara Centre in April 2016 - the water rating improved from 3.5 to 4.5.

Waste minimisation

Actions taken for waste minimisation during the reporting period included:

Office locations

  • sixteen CMTEDD locations are Actsmart Business (waste) accredited;
  • all new staff are required undertake Actsmart recycling training following the CMTEDD Induction Program;
  • shared general and shared comingled waste bins have been placed within most workspaces and kitchens alongside the removal of individual waste bins; and
  • CMTEDD offices have a range of recycling options available including:
    • comingle recycling bins;
    • paper and cardboard recycling facilities;
    • organic worm bins;
    • battery recycling stations;
    • mobile phone recycling; and
    • toner recycling.

Events and Venues

  • Events ACT participates in the Actsmart Public event program and works closely with them to reduce the waste generated to landfill for all events delivered by the business unit, including Floriade, the Nara Candle Festival, New Year’s Eve, Australia Day, Enlighten, Canberra Day and the Balloon Spectacular;
  • Events ACT also participated in the Actsmart Business Award, with the Canberra Balloon Spectacular receiving the award for the Biggest Recycler in the Large Event Category for 2016, with over 40,000 people attending the event, over 714kg of recyclables, 153kg of organics, 148kg of cardboard and 30 litres of cooking oil were recycled;
  • the major venues (GIO Stadium, Manuka Oval, and Exhibition Park in Canberra) are Actsmart Business members and have recycling bins located around the venues during events for use by participants and attendees additionally event organisers and the general public are encouraged to reduce waste and to use recyclable and reusable packing;
  • to protect the natural environment, site users at Stromlo Forest Park are required to take all rubbish away;
  • Exhibition Park in Canberra collects and recycles straw and horse manure after equestrian events; and
  • the National Arboretum Canberra has undertaken work to develop the initial requirements for a green waste recycling facility on site.

Disposal of ICT assets

The method in which the Territory disposes of ICT devices and associated consumables is crucial in minimising our environmental waste footprint.

The turnover of ICT assets (such as obsolete computer and television equipment, old cables and other ICT hardware) presents a significant waste impact. This is further compounded by the methods of disposal of e-waste, including incineration, which can pose a significant environmental pollutant.

The responsible management of asset disposal requires a lifecycle assessment approach to evaluating the potential environmental impacts of products. This includes maximising the useful life of ICT equipment, and appropriately recycling, reusing and disposing of ICT waste.

To help address this, the Territory has in place a contract with a provider for the disposal brokering of all major types of ICT equipment. Within the scope of this contract, the ‘disposal’ of ICT assets includes:

  • the resale or reuse so as to maximise return value to the Territory;
  • re-use as the best form of recycling;
  • donation to nominated Territory benefactors; and
  • certified max 2 per cent sent to landfill as waste.

The 2015-16 return to consolidated revenue from disposed assets is $398,000.

Transport emission reduction

Actions taken to reduce transport fuel use and associated transport emissions:

  • the directorate leases five electric vehicles, which have no direct greenhouse gas emissions and use no fuel, additionally the directorate leases three hybrid vehicles to reduce the amount of fuel used;
  • the public housing renewal program will support the renewal of Canberra’s urban areas, with increased density along major transport corridors to encourage increased patronage on public transport;
  • the directorate ensures that any replaced vehicles are more fuel efficient to reduce emissions;
  • all vehicles are regularly serviced and maintained to operate at maximum efficiency;
  • staff are encouraged to walk for trips to meetings between local locations, car pool or use buses to travel to meeting locations served by ACTION buses through the availability of MyWay Cards at a number of sites;
  • a suite of technology options to assist staff connecting without the need to travel are available, this includes meet-me phone conferencing and WebEx for use with stakeholders outside the ACT Government and Jabber, teleconferencing and internet-based video conferencing for use within government; and
  • end of trip facilities are available in most facilities to encourage staff to ride, walk or run to work.


In 2015-16, Procurement and Capital Works (PCW) developed and promulgated a new Whole of Government Sustainable Procurement Policy, as an action under the Carbon Neutral Implementation Framework. The Policy is principles-based rather than prescriptive, and provides guidance to ACT Government Directorates and agencies to incorporate sustainability into their procurement activities.

Environmental sustainability criteria form part of many contracts procured and administered by PCW. For example, the whole of government stationery contract has a tiered pricing structure for delivery, with lower delivery charges for orders between $100 and $300 than for those under than $100, and free delivery for orders over $300.

PCW works in collaboration with directorates to develop construction project briefs that include sustainability criteria. For example, buildings may include a number of measures, such as solar passive design, energy efficient building engineering services, solar panels, rainwater harvesting, air quality monitoring, and water efficient landscaping. Briefs for all construction projects include waste management plans. Tenderers are asked to describe what actions they will take to reduce waste, such as disposal methods and using recycled materials. Project briefs seek advice from tenderers regarding ways to decrease the use of potable water, for example by installing alternative grass mixtures (that use less water) and planting Australian natives or drought tolerant plants.

Sustainable Development Performance

Indicator as at 30 June Unit Current FY

2015-161, 2
Previous FY

Percentage change
Agency staff and area    
Agency staff FTE 2,422.5 2,325.3 4.2%
Workplace floor area (office based only) Area (m2) 34,086 32,418 5.1%
Stationary energy usage    
Electricity use (not incl. Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Kilowatt hours 12,423,2064 12,843,106 -3.3%
Electricity use (Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Kilowatt hours 545,211 n/a n/a
Renewable electricity use Kilowatt hours 648,4215 642,155 1.0%
Natural gas use (not incl. Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Megajoules 8,449,4896 8,613,002 -1.9%
Natural gas use (Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Megajoules 910,627 n/a n/a
Transport fuel usage    
Total number of vehicles Number 2287 220 3.6%
Total kilometres travelled Kilometres 3,441,1408 3,497,957 -1.6%
Fuel use – Petrol Kilolitres 1069 123 -13.8%
Fuel use – Diesel Kilolitres 2849 269 5.6%
Fuel use – Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) Kilolitres 0 0 n/a
Fuel use – Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Kilolitres 0 0 n/a
Water usage    
Water use (not incl. Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Kilolitres 1,307,66810 1,106,067 18.2%
Water use (Arboretum and Skill Canberra) Kilolitres 6,040 n/a n/a
Resource efficiency and waste    
Reams of paper purchased Reams 25,62911 22,340 14.7%
Recycled content of paper purchased Percentage 76.112 61.7 14.4%
Waste to landfill (not incl. Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Litres 2,418,80313 2,357,633 2.6%
Waste to landfill (Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Litres 566,940 n/a n/a
Co-mingled material recycled (not incl. Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Litres 2,142,04514 1,347,168 59%
Co-mingled material recycled (Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Litres 230,420 n/a n/a
Paper & Cardboard recycled (incl. secure paper) (not incl, Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Litres 1,573,954 1,620,180 -2.9%
Paper & Cardboard recycled (incl. secure paper) (Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Litres 223,220 n/a n/a
Organic material recycled (not incl. Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Litres 243,37115 255,199 -4.6%
Organic material recycled (Arboretum and Skills Canberra) Litres 5,200 n/a n/a
Greenhouse gas emissions    
Emissions from stationary energy use Tonnes CO2-e 10,62716 10,835 -2.1%
Emissions from transport Tonnes CO2-e 1,071 1,095 -2.2%
Total emissions Tonnes CO2-e 11,698 11,948 -2.1%


  1. Organisational change occurred during the reporting year. National Arboretum Canberra (from Territory and Municipal Services Directorate) and Skills Canberra (previously Training and Tertiary Education, from Education and Training Directorate) were moved into CMTEDD in January 2016. The data in the 2015-16 column includes the full year 2015-16 data of the Arboretum and Skill Canberra, as listed on the separated line. The remainder of the Directorate’s data (for both years’ measures with the exception of FTE) includes the ACT Insurance Authority as it cannot be readily separated, while both years’ figures exclude the Land Development Agency (LDA); LDA data is reported in that agency’s Annual Report.
  2. Energy and water data was extracted from the Enterprise Sustainability Platform (ESP) on 09 September 2016. The 2015-16 energy, water and waste data of ACT Gambling and Racing Commission is included in this report as, following their office relocation, it cannot be readily separated. 2014-15 data for the Gambling and Racing Commission is included in the Gambling and Racing Commission Annual Report.
  3. The 2014-15 data reported in this table has been adjusted to recognise updates to agency occupancy and historical consumption data.
  4. The reduction in electricity consumption is partly due to energy efficiency measures applied in 2015-16 at the Major Venues, the Canberra Nara Centre, Dame Pattie Menzies House, and 255 Canberra Avenue. It also includes an 8% reduction in electricity use at the Canberra Stadium, because the stadium hosted a series of Asian Cup events in January 2014 that had significantly increased energy use in the 2014-15 year.
  5. ACT Property Group purchased 7,700 MWh (Megawatt hours) of GreenPower on behalf of the ACT Government, representing an indicative 5 per cent of the ACT Government’s energy consumption for 2015-16. The reported renewable electricity use represents 5 per cent of the total CMTEDD electricity usage. The figures do not include the solar power generated and used onsite at GIO Stadium (72 solar panels) and Winyu House (75kW solar panels).
  6. Reduction in main gas consumption is seen in Manuka Oval (-37%), Canberra Stadium (-5.6%), Callam Offices (-10%), Macarthur House (-6%), and Dickson Motor Vehicle Registry (-15%), and Woden Library (-13%). Gas use in Exhibition Park has increased by 50% due to the replacement of LPG bottle gas with main gas use in food kiosks. At the time of reporting there is also a small amount of data outstanding.
  7. The increase in total vehicle numbers relates to: the inclusion of the National Arboretum Canberra and Skills Canberra (and their associated vehicles) within the Directorate; the increased number of inspectorate vehicles required to facilitate and monitor the loose-fill asbestos removal program; an additional pool vehicle resulting from an office accommodation move; an additional pool vehicle for a high-usage area customer focussed area. These increases were offset by vehicles which were ceased during the year: following the consolidation of the majority of Shared Services staff at Winyu House in Gungahlin, the Shared Services pool fleet has been reduced; and a number of executive vehicles have been handed back.
  8. The slight decrease in total number of kilometres travelled relates to the reduction in the number of pool vehicles, and consequent increase in staff using alternate forms of transport or technological solutions for meetings.
  9. The year on year changes to petrol and diesel fuel use reflect the acquisition of more diesel vehicles in preference to petrol vehicles for fuel efficiency reasons. The overall amount of fuel used has decreased by 0.7% (despite vehicle numbers increasing by 3.6%).
  10. The 2015-16 water consumption data is not complete at the time of reporting. However the figures above include an estimation of the missing water data for certain locations, including: GIO Stadium (5 months); 255 Canberra Avenue (3 months), Macarthur House (2 months) and several sportsgrounds and ovals.
    Over 90% of the water used by the Directorate is to irrigate and maintain ACT Government sportsgrounds and ovals. Increased overall water consumption is due to an 18% increase in water usage by Active Canberra. The irrigation of sportsgrounds and ovals can vary significantly on an annual basis, subject to a number of parameters including rainfall, timing of rain events, evaporation rates, wind, maintenance activities and asset growth. Active Canberra is required to irrigate the sportsgrounds and ovals to ensure they remain fit for purpose.
  11. The increase in purchase of paper relates in part to the addition of the National Arboretum Canberra and Skills Canberra to the Directorate.
  12. The increase in recycled content of paper purchased reflects a consistent communication of this priority across the Directorate, and regular monitoring of purchases.
  13. Waste data has been collected from most CMTEDD locations and has been calculated on a basis of Total (L) = capacity of bins (L) x No. of bins x No. of times emptied during the reporting year. All waste data is therefore considered to be overestimated as it is not known how full the bins are when emptied.
    • Waste generated from GIO Stadium, Manuka Oval, and Exhibition Park in Canberra is measured by weight (kg) and is converted to volume (L) for consolidated reporting.
    • For the National Arboretum Canberra, organic waste is collected by caterers to recycle offsite, and volume has not been calculated. All green waste generated at the National Arboretum Canberra is collected and recycled as mulch and compost for trees and gardens on site, and volume has not been calculated.
    • For the National Arboretum Canberra, organic waste is collected by caterers to recycle offsite, and volume has not been calculated. All green waste generated at the National Arboretum Canberra is collected and recycled as mulch and compost for trees and gardens on site, and volume has not been calculated.
    • Waste data from other non-office locations such as sportsgrounds has not been included, as accurate and reliable data is not currently available.
    • Waste generated by major events organised by Events ACT is not included in this report.
    • GIO Stadium has undertaken three large clean-ups this year;
    • Three locations were not reported in 2014-15 (Transact House, Access Canberra Mitchell Shopfront, 221 London Circuit). 2015-16 total landfill waste would have seen a 2.7% reduction if these locations had been excluded.
    • Four locations were considered to have under-reported in 2014-15 (Telstra House, 220 Northbourne Avenue, Exhibition Park in Canberra, Dame Pattie Menzies House).
  14. The significant increase in comingled recycling is due to
    • three large clean-up activities at GIO Stadium;
    • improvement in recycling systems at Manuka Oval and EPIC;
    • improvement in recycling systems at two office sites (Canberra Nara Centre, Mitchell Depot); and
    • improved data accuracy: two sites were not reported in 2014-15 (221 London Circuit, Access Canberra Mitchell Shopfront) and three sites were considered to have under-estimated in 2014-15 (Eclipse House, Dame Pattie Menzies House, Dickson Motor Vehicle Registry).
  15. The reduction in the volume of organics recycled is due to:
    • organic recycling was not in place in locations where the tenants are anticipated to be relocating in the near future (Callam Offices, Dickson Motor Vehicle Registry); and
    • some variation between reporting units used (weight (kg) vs volume (L)).
  16. The reduction in emissions is largely due to the increased proportion of green energy (resulting in a lower emissions factor in calculating emissions) in the electricity grid compared to last year.
    Greenhouse gas emissions for electricity consumption have been calculated using the following emissions factors based on the latest (April 2016) ACT electricity Emissions Factor Report:
    • In 2014-15 a factor of 0.801 kilogram (kg) CO2-e / kilowatt hour (kWh) or 0.801 tonne (t) CO2-e / megawatt hour (MWh). This is based on actual historical data and is a minor retrospective adjustment of 0.001 on the factor of 0.802 originally used for 2014-15 annual reporting.
    • In 2015-16, a factor of 0.773 kg CO2-e / kWh or 0.773 t CO2-e / MWh.
    • The emissions factors include total GreenPower purchases for the ACT calculated in the third quarter of the respective financial years and are specific to the ACT. These emissions factors (Scope 2 + Scope 3) reflect the increasing contribution of renewable electricity generated under the ACT’s 90% Renewable Energy Target (RET). Consequently they are lower than those reported in the latest National Greenhouse Accounts (NGA) Factors. Emissions factors will be recalculated to account for the ACT’s 100% RET after 2015-16 annual reporting. It is expected that the emissions factors reported here are unlikely to be altered.

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